US-Republikaanit tiedesodassa

Seuraa 
Viestejä2234
Liittynyt16.3.2005

Tavan takaa jenkeissä surfaillessa eteeni pomppii mainintoja Chris Mooneyn kirjasta "The Republican War on Science". Ilmeisesti se herättää siellä jo aika lailla kohua ja keskustelua.

Tässä yksi kirja-arvostelu siitä:
http://www.salon.com/books/review/2005/09/14/mooney/

Näyte:
[----------------------------------
"The Republican War on Science" is nothing short of a landmark in
contemporary political reporting. Mooney compiles and presents an
extraordinary mountain of evidence, from several different fields,
to demonstrate that the conservative wing of the Republican Party
has launched an unprecedented and highly successful campaign to sow
widespread confusion about the conclusions of science and its
usefulness in political decision making. Using methods and
strategies pioneered under the Reagan administration by the tobacco
industry and anti-environmental forces, an alliance of social
conservatives and corporate advocates has paralyzed or obfuscated
public discussion of science on a whole range of issues. Not just
climate change but also stem cell research, evolutionary biology,
endangered-species protection, diet and obesity, abortion and
contraception, and the effects of environmental toxins have all
become arenas of systematic and deliberate bewilderment. "
----------------------------------]

Näyte 2:
[---------------------------------
"Doubt is our product, since it is the best means of competing with
the 'body of fact' that exists in the mind of the general public. It
is also the means of establishing a controversy."
---------------------------------]

"Epäily on tuotteemme.." on tupakkayhtiön sisäisestä strategiasta vuodelta 1969. Skeptisyydestä on tehty jo tuolloin härski myyntituote ?

Mooneyn mukaan yhtiöiden ja think thankien (ajatushautomoiden) tarkoituksena on luoda perusteetonta epäilyä tieteen tuloksia kohtaan ja luoda näennäisen kiistan vaikutelmia siellä missä todellista kiistaa ei edes ole. Metodein, jotka syntyi jo Reaganin hallituskaudella tupakkayhtiöiden ja ympäristösuojelukielteisten voimien avustuksella, saadaan halvaannutettua, luodaan sekaannusta, hämärrytettyä julkista keskustelua niin lajien suojelusta ja lajien synnystä kuin kasvihuoneilmiöstä, ehkäisymenetelmistä ja ympäristömyrkyistä jne.

Näyte 3:
[----------------------------------
Many conservatives, he argues, have stopped regarding science as an
objective search for truth (conditional as that truth necessarily
is). Instead, they see it as just another realm of naked power
politics or, less cynically but more ominously, as a contest between
a pseudo-socialistic, tree-hugging worldview and one that is
avowedly pro-Christian and pro-capitalist.
Furthermore, right-wingers have mystified this conflict almost
completely, cloaking it in self-defined terms of "sound science"
(i.e., science that agrees with them, or reaches no conclusions at
all) versus "junk science" (anything that might impinge on corporate
profits or conflict with the most extreme version of Christian
morality).
----------------------------]

Konservatiivit ovat lakanneet pitämästä tiedettä objektiivisena totuudenetsintänä. Konservatiivit katsoo tieteen olevankin pelkkää poliittista valtapeliä, maailmankatsomuksellisesti vastapoolina puita-halaavat pseudo-sosialistit vs. (kunnon) kapitalistikristityt. Oikeistosiipi jakaa tieteen "pätevään/hyvään" tieteeseen ja "roska"-tieteeseen, jälkimmäisiin kuuluu ne jotka rajoittaa yhtiöiden voittoja tai konfliktissa (tietyn) kristillisen moraalin kanssa.

--------------------------------------------------------

Sain oheisen linkin "Ameriikan Yleisradion" NPR:n ohjelmiin:

NPR-linkki: Chris Mooneyn haastatteluun ja Bushin neuvonantajan haastatteluun

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4848811
Siitä löytyi linkkeinä aika huolestuttavia vanhempia otsikoita..

Related NPR Stories[list:2d22c5bv]
June 8, 2005 - Report: Bush Official 'Softened' Global Warming Data
July 22, 2004 - White House Accused of Manipulating Science
March 1, 2004 - Scientists Blast Bush's Hydrogen Proposals
Feb. 20, 2004 - White House Science Policy
Feb. 18, 2004 - Scientists Accuse White House of Distortion
July 25, 2003 - White House Calls for More Climate Research
June 19, 2003 - 'N.Y. Times' : EPA Report Omitted Global Warming Data
Feb. 26, 2003 - Climate Experts Criticize White House Global Warming
Plan[/list:u:2d22c5bv]

Se mikä ei sovi republikaanien poliittiseen tai taloudelliseen agendaan on "vasemmistolaista", "liberaalia", "poliittisesti värittynyttä" ja "Pro-Europpalaista" höpötystä, kuvasi eräs suomalainen kuuntelija, joka neuvoi tuon NPR-linkin minulle.

Homeopatia-skandaali A-talkissa: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qXLTz5LhHMU

Kommentit (2)

MrKAT
Seuraa 
Viestejä2234
Liittynyt16.3.2005

Kyse ei ole vain Mooneyn väitteestä. Yli 60 huipputiedemiestä, joukossa 20 nobelistia ja useita
republikaanipresidenttien neuvontajia julkaisivat oheisen syytöksen Bushin hallinnon harjoittamasta
tieteen manipuloinnista ja sensuroinnista helmikuussa 2004:

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
"Published on Thursday, February 19, 2004 by Knight-Ridder

Bush Administration Accused of Suppressing, Distorting Science
by Seth Borenstein

WASHINGTON - A group of more than 60 top U.S. scientists, including
20 Nobel laureates and several science advisers to past Republican
presidents, on Wednesday accused the Bush administration of
manipulating and censoring science for political purposes. "
... ... ...

The report charges that administration officials have:
[list:2pobfzpr]
Ordered massive changes to a section on global warming in the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency's 2003 Report on the Environment.
Eventually, the entire section was dropped.

Replaced a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention fact sheet
on proper condom use with a warning emphasizing condom failure rates.

Ignored advice from top Department of Energy nuclear materials
experts who cautioned that aluminum tubes being imported by Iraq
weren't suitable for use to make nuclear weapons.

Established political litmus tests for scientific advisory boards.
In one case, public health experts were removed from a CDC lead
paint advisory panel and replaced with researchers who had financial
ties to the lead industry.

Suppressed a U.S. Department of Agriculture microbiologist's
finding that potentially harmful bacteria float in the air
surrounding large hog farms.

Excluded scientists who've received federal grants from regulatory
advisory panels while permitting the appointment of scientists from
regulated industries.
[/list:u:2pobfzpr]

"I don't recall it ever being so blatant in the past," said
Princeton University physicist Val Fitch, a 1980 Nobel Prize winner
who served on a Nixon administration science advisory
committee. "It's just time after time after time. The facts have
been distorted."

... ... ...

James Zahn, a former Agriculture Department microbiologist, said he
discovered accidentally that pig farms in southwestern Minnesota,
northern Missouri and Iowa were emitting airborne bacteria.
Because pigs are often fed antibiotics, Zahn speculated that
airborne bacteria from farms could include drug-resistant bacteria,
which, if breathed by humans, would make them harder to treat when
ill.

Zahn presented his findings at a scientific conference in 2000, but
the Bush administration stopped him from publishing his data 11
times between September 2001 and April 2002, he said. When Danish
researchers sought to learn more about his work, Zahn wasn't allowed
to share his techniques.

... ... ...

http://www.commondreams.org/headlines04/0219-02.htm
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Homeopatia-skandaali A-talkissa: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qXLTz5LhHMU

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