tappavan lintuflussan vaiheista


Osaako joku (esim. infektiolääkäri) sanoa että millaista on kuolla virustautiin? Katselin MTV3:lla esitettyä 24-jännityssarjan edellistä tuotantokautta, jossa käytiin läpi biologista terrori-iskua viruksilla. Ilmeisesti saattohoitona voidaan koviin tuskiin ja kipuihin antaa esim. morfiinia tai jopa syanidia, jos kuoleman varmuus on lähellä 100%. Tietääkö joku mikä on yleisin kuolinmekanismi virustautiin?

Mechanisms of Death are alterations of physiology and biochemistry whereby the cause exerts its lethal effect. Mechanisms of death are never etiologically specific and are unacceptable as substitutes for the underlying cause of death. Common fatal mechanisms of death include congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, septicemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, hepatic failure and anoxic encephalopathy.


Kommentit (3)


Ehdinkin jo ottamaan hieman itse selvää tappavien virustautien taudinkuvasta.

Today's tip: you really don't want to get Ebola. It's a nightmare become real. The first symptoms are a low-grade headache. This quickly progresses to a debilitating fever and muscle pain. Then things get truly bad as the major organs, the digestive tract, the skin, the eyes, the gums, all begin to break down and bleed. The body begins to dissolve. Blood pours out of body orifices (aukoista) while the victim writhes (vääntelehtiä, kiemurrella) in pain. Death usually comes from systemic shock and blood loss. Researchers were shocked when they first autopsied people who died from these fevers. Their insides had literally melted into a necrotic mess of black fluid.



Symptoms of bird flu in humans

Although there have been too few human cases to determine the exact incubation period of bird flu, it would be expected to be from three to 10 days. The symptoms of bird flu in humans are similar to those of regular influenza and include:

Sore throat
Aching muscles

Bird flu in humans can cause a range of serious and potentially fatal complications, including:

Eye infections
Pneumonia, including viral pneumonia
Acute respiratory distress (ahdistus)
Inflammation of the brain and heart


Muistan omista influenssoistani että minulla oli joskus erittäin pahoja hengitysvaikeuksia. Lintuflunssaan kuolemisen proksimaattinen syy saattaa siis hyvinkin olla tietynlainen hengityksen lakkaaminen, "tukehtuminen", joka on influenssoista ja oksennustaudeista tuttu tunne. Tämä ei oireistoltaan kuulosta niin pahalta kuolemalta kuin Ebola. Joten morfiinia tai syanidia tuskin tarvitaan. Olen jo kymmenen vuotta peräkanaa ottanut influenssarokotuksen, joka on pitänyt ikävät influenssat loitolla. Suosittelen muillekin vaikkei terveysviranomaiset lämpimästi annakaan piikkiä käsivarteen, vaan aina joutuu selittelemään että miksi minä tarvitsen rokotusta vaikken kuulu riskiryhmään.


Korjaan edellistä viestiäni: espanjan taudin kaltainen tappajavirus saattaa hyvinkin aiheuttaa verenvuodollisen keuhkokuumeen, joka muistuttaa ebolaa.

Ote kirjasta:

THE PLAGUE OF THE SPANISH LADY: The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919 by Richard Collier, Atheneum Publishing, New York, 1974

Page 7:
"It began, undramatically, after a two-day incubation period, with a cough (yskä). Next there was pain--behind the eyes, in the ears, in the lumbar (lanne) region. Soon a drowsy (unelias) numbness (tunnottomuus) invaded the body, and fervor (polttava kuumuus) set in; often the temperature soared to 104 degrees F (40 Celsiusta). The pulse was thready (?) and unstable;
the victim's tongue was thickly coated...every mortal fiber ached
indescribably--the throat, the head, the naso-pharynx.."

Page 35:
"But which disease? All over the world, doctors were noting symptoms so at variance with the spring epidemic --and with any known form of influenza--that it might have been an unknown sickness...that each time a man so much as stirred on his pillow, serous fluid poured from his mouth and nostrils...a burning pain above the diaphragm (pallea)...the frontal headache that recalled (muistutti) Typhoid fever (lavantauti)...painfully congested (tukkeutuneet) conjunctivae (sidekalvo; verhoaa luomien sisäpintaa, luomipohjukoita ja silmämunan etupintaa limbukseen rajoittuen)...coated tongues with bright red tips...another maverick (itsenäinen, riippumaton) symptoms: what doctors term 'silent lungs', an absence of breath so total he was convinced his stethoscope had given out."

Page 37:
"...case after case of leucopenia--a kind of leukaemia in reverse, where
the white corpuscles of the blood are strangely reduced in numbers...lost
her sight (näkö) within six days...gangrene (kuolio) of the sexual organs...afflicted by diarrhoea (ripuli) so intense he endured twenty movements a day....

Page 69:
"One moment she could see her face, mirrored opaquely in a bowl of water that her mother held (she was having Epistaxis, nosebleed while in the throes (kourissa) of the Spanish Flu). Next instant it had vanished, blotted (peittämä) from view by the blood pouring from her mouth and nose....Dr. Hennewig arrived. His verdict..."I have seen many such cases -- without the haemorrhage she would not have recovered."

Page 69:
"Later, Germany's Public Health Administration was to report that in many
areas Epistaxis affected up to HALF of all influenza victims--often as much
as a pint (tilavuusmitta 0,473 litraa) of blood at a time."

Page 69:
"Major Charles Mix, of the Army Medical Corps, saw a greater significance.
Among doughboys at Camp Mills, New York, Mix noted interference with the passage of blood from the heart's right ventricle to the lungs caused
enough damming back of venous blood 'to make possible nasal haemorrhage on the slightest occasion'. Many were even then cyanotic (sinertävä), and some, despite this haemorrhage (verenvuoto), developed pneumonia..."

Page 220-221:
"....why should the sickness affect so many organs of the body normally
untouched?...most often the disease resembled encephalitis (aivotulehdus), with the patient lapsing into a coma...a dilation of the heart (sydämen laajentuminen) but even of fatty degeneration...a cough so intense that it ruptured the muscles of a soldier's rectum...retention (kerääntyminen) of urine...puffy faces and swollen ankles of acute nephritis (munuaistulehdus)...the lungs were the organs most vitally affected...a patient's face so contorted in death that even close friends couldn't recognize him...and autopsy surgeons were encountering what one doctor termed 'a pathological nightmare'; lungs up to six times their normal weight, looking 'like melted red currant (viinimarja) jelly.'"

Lisäksi ote kirjasta:
2. EPIDEMIC AND PEACE, 1918 by Alfred W. Crosby, Jr., Greenwood Press, Westport, CT, London, England

Page 7:
"In the open chest of a cadaver Welch saw the blue, swollen lungs of a
Spanish Influenza...Cause of death? That at least was clear: what in a
healthy man are the lightest parts of his body, the lungs, were in this
cadaver (ruumis) two sacks filled with a thin, bloody, frothy (vaahtoava) fluid.....The lungs of those who died quickly, sometimes only 48 hours after the first ache and cough, were such as he had never seen before...Their most conspicuous feature was the enormous quantity of thin, bloody fluid. It oozed (tihkua) out of their lungs sectioned for examination, and in the large air passages leading to the throat it mixed with air in a bloody froth (vaahto). As rigor mortis (kuolonkankeus) set in, the fluid often poured from the nose and stained (värjäsi) the body wrappings."

Mielenkiintoinen ote julkaisusta http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/CID/journal/issues/v31n6/000949/000949....

The course of disease during fall 1918 was often swift (nopea). Convalescence (toipumisaika) in survivors was protracted (pitkittynyt), with fatigue (väsymys), weakness, and depression frequently lasting for weeks. Symptoms presented suddenly: high-grade fever and rigors (vilunväreet), severe headache and myalgias (lihaskipu), cough (yskä), pharyngitis (nielutulehdus), coryza (nuha), and in some cases epistaxis (nenäverenvuoto). Some patients had mild illness and recuperated (toipua) without incident. Other patients were stricken quickly and severely, with symptoms and signs consistent with HEMORRHAGIC pneumonia, and died within days and sometimes hours. Autopsies revealed inflamed hemorrhagic lungs. Still other patients with more typical flu developed severe superinfection with bacterial pneumonia, resulting in death or a laborious recovery. Unusually lethal, Spanish flu was also distinct in killing what was typically the cohort least vulnerable to influenza, 20- to 40-year-olds.

Patricia A. Doyle (PhD) kirjoittaa sivustolla http://www.rense.com/general63/ebola.htm

"I want to be sure that people know my theory that a H5N1 pandemic strain sustaining human-to-human transmission might cause hemorrhagic symptoms in some has grounding in good science. Case history background of previous virulent pandemic strains can give us some insight into how a future pandemic strain might act, however, scientific data is also imperative to uphold my theory of hemorrhagic symptoms in an avian influenza human outbreak.

This resource does back up the history of hemorrhagic symptoms in the 1918 flu and also explains the mechanism for such symptoms.

It is not my intent to scare people about a possible coming outbreak. I simply look at all of the data on the subject and make personal judgement on what may or may not occur in the future should the virus become pandemic. It is my belief that people should have as much information as possible which would enable them to plan ahead. I think that there would be much more "fear" if people woke up and found themselves in the middle of an outbreak. If people have advance warning they will be better prepared to act. People who are aware of possibilities can spend time researching the data and arriving at their own conclusions.

Just as the cytokine reaction in SARS did cause hemorrhagic symptoms in some cases, virulent pandemic strains of influenza, like the Spanish Flu also cause the inflammatory cytokines in the lungs and the hemorrhagic pneumonia.

"These viruses were also more pathogenic, not simply because they were associated with increased levels of in vivo replication but also because they stimulated massive increases in the responses of inflammatory cytokines in the lungs of infected mice. The mice infected with HAsp-containing virus had increased recruitment of leukocytes to the sites of lung infection and had severe hemorrhage resembling the hemorrhagic pneumonia associated with human infections during the 1918-1919 pandemic."

Hyvin pahalta siis näyttää. Ei ihme että valtiot ottavat lintuflunssan vakavasti, se kun iskee parhaassa työiässä oleviin ihmisiin ja saattaa luoda laajamittaista paniikkia asutuskeskuksissa mikä voi hajottaa koko olemassaolevan yhteiskuntarakenteen.