Israel ja USA:n ulkopolitiikka
Uusi amerikkalaistutkimus selittää USA:n outoa Lähi-idän politiikkaa Israelia tukevan lobbarimafian aikaansaannoksena.
Study blasts US pro-Israel lobby
By Emad Mekay
WASHINGTON - The pro-Israel lobby in the United States has manipulated Washington's policies in the Middle East to the point where it is the US that does most of the fighting, dying and rebuilding while Israel reaps most of the security benefits, argues a new study by two US scholars.
"This situation has no equal in American political history," says the 83-page study, "The Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy".
"Why has the United States been willing to set aside its own security and that of many of its allies in order to advance the interests of another state?" ask authors John Mearsheimer of the University of Chicago and Stephen Walt of the John F Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
The answer, according to the paper, which is already stirring debate in academic circles and fury among pro-Israel groups, is the influence of the pro-Israel lobby.
These groups include the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), the Conference of Presidents of Major Jewish Organizations, the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, the Washington Institute for Near Eastern Policy and, more recently, Christian Zionist organizations.
A shorter version of the study was published in the London Review of Books on March 10. The authors say their research is so strong that they doubt that any US mainstream publication would dare publish it.
Based on sources that include Israeli scholars and journalists, international human-rights organizations, and testimony from the lobby itself and politicians that support it, the study examines how the pro-Israel lobby built up its influence in Washington and says its intimidation of the press, think-tanks and academia has led to a deceptive picture of Israel.